Welcome!

Cloud Security Authors: Pat Romanski, Aruna Ravichandran, Shelly Palmer, Elizabeth White, Derek Weeks

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Java IoT, Microservices Expo, Agile Computing, Release Management , Cloud Security

@CloudExpo: Article

Security and Control in the Cloud

Three migration rules to break

Cloud computing is so alluring. The public cloud economizes infrastructure resources and creates a scalable, on-demand source for compute capacity. Additionally, the cloud can be a strategic asset for enterprises that know how to migrate, integrate and govern deployments securely.

Apple co-founder, Steve Wozniak recently said, "A lot of people feel 'Oh, everything is really on my computer,' but I say the more we transfer everything onto the web, onto the cloud, the less we're going to have control over it."

In fact, over 70% of IT professionals worry about security according to an IDG Enterprise Cloud Computing Study.

Boiled down, security, access and connectivity are really issues of control.

As any prudent cloud user, the application has its own unique security features, such as disk encryption and port filtering. But do these layers of security features overlap or conflict? What happens to ownership after migration? Do solutions really have to be architected before and after deployment?

Take an application-focused approach to security from the beginning. The application-controlled, application-owned security layers will ease the decision to deploy, test, and develop in the cloud and save on IT training and time along the road.

Control of Security: Who Has It?
Part of the "magic" cloud providers and vendors supply is wrapped up in layers of ownership and control in the form of firewalls, isolation, and the cloud edge. Most enterprise application owners hope that these layers will cover the possible gaps in security after migration. Unfortunately most enterprises need security controls they can attest to and providers ultimately own and control these security features.

Unfortunately the needs and concerns of the cloud service provider are distinctly different than the needs and concerns of the enterprise cloud service user (the application topology deployed to the cloud and its owner). Security loopholes can exist because there are gaps between the areas users and providers control and own. The known boundary between what the cloud user can control and view and what the cloud provider can view and control is the root source of enterprise executives' concerns with public cloud.

The provider-owned, provider-controlled features (as in the cloud edge, cloud isolation), the provider-owned, user-controlled features (or the multi-tenant API controlled router/ hypervisor), and the app-owner, app-controlled features (OS port filtering and disk encryption) can be configured in an overlay network to give the user the ultimate control of security.

Application-to-cloud migration and software defined networking (SDN) capabilities out there offer additional, overlapping layers of control and security that span the spheres of the traditional cloud layers.

In order for cloud projects to succeed, IT executives need methods and tools they can attest to and can pass audit. Understanding the perimeter of access, control, and visibility between the application layer and the cloud provider layers is the first step to a less painful cloud migration. With this knowledge enterprises can then design a migration process that fits their use-case to deploy application topologies to the public cloud in a secure and controlled fashion.

Three Migration Rules We Recommend Breaking
Today's migration "rules" create more hurdles than solutions. Rapid industry changes, lack of standard security approaches, and the confusion on the proper steps to cloud deployment cause enterprises to overlook the issues of application-level control.

In fact, application-centric concerns are not even being addressed. Popular migration advice urges enterprises to tackle huge hurdles before and during migration, including deploying all at once, re-architecting before migration, and postponing the cost benefits of using the cloud.

Break the following three migration rules and it is possible to renovate more efficiently, capitalize on the cloud's economies of scale, and quickly, easily, and securely control enterprise networks and applications in the cloud.

Rule 1: Deploy all at once or not at all
Just as lemmings became extinct by all jumping in head first, most enterprises require time to analyze and adjust to new technologies before committing serious time and effort. Employees, customers, and shareholders would not be happy if companies jumped into new technologies without first proving value. Thankfully, enough enterprises, organizations and governments have already seized the benefits of the cloud's flexibility, cost savings, and connectivity.

Now, the challenge for IT professionals is to find the cloud architecture and provider(s) that fit their enterprise's needs and avoid having to reinvent the cloud to do so. With proven solutions in the market, enterprises can skip the bare metal to virtual to test cloud development life cycle. Simply deploy directly to any cloud environment, develop, test, then release to speed the time to market.

Rule 2: Re-architect before migration
Most providers and brokers want enterprises to spend time and effort to re-build IT systems and as a result re-learn/re-train before migration. Advice articles list migration steps of parsing applications, virtualizing, re-architecting and then migrating. Cloud pundits advise IT professionals to be wary of all cloud security and take valuable time to renovate before migrating - which will slow down the process and postpone or even wipe out the financial benefits of the cloud.

The traditional datacenter has too much knowledge flowing in a vertical direction from application to infrastructure and infrastructure to application. Migrating to the cloud before the renovate, design, or innovate steps can cut down on the upfront hassle by removing the burdens of re-architecting and re-learning skills before migration. Saving time, IT resources, and forgoing the arduous re-training speeds up the process for migrating to the cloud and ultimately how the organization capitalizes on the cloud's flexibility.

Rule 3: Pay upfront for design and renovation costs
Why stop with the cloud's physical economies of scale when there are potential savings on the costs of IT overhead? The same time and effort put into saving "design economies of scale" can be used to save major overhead costs too. A single migration, rather than the process of backup, re-architecture, and then migration is more cost-effective. Why wait for cost savings until after migration when there is an option to realize faster deployment and speed to market?

The added customization and control needed to migrate in a logical set of steps puts the control and security solidly back into the application layer.

Enterprises will likely face a long, slow migration to the cloud but, with the tools to capture the efficiency of migrating through logical steps before designing, the process can be significantly less painful. The application-controlled, application-owned security layers will ease the decision to deploy, test, and develop in the cloud and save on IT training and time along the road.

Conventional wisdom is missing the application layer importance of security and control in the cloud. So only one migration question remains - why take the stairs when you can take the elevator?

More Stories By Patrick Kerpan

Patrick Kerpan is the president and chief technology officer (CTO) for CohesiveFT, provider of onboarding solutions for virtual and cloud computing infrastructures. CFT's Elastic Server platform is a web-based factory for creating, deploying, and managing custom multi-sourced servers comprised of horizontal, open source and third-party software components. Additionally the VPN-Cubed packaged service gives customers control of networking in the clouds, across clouds, and between their private data center and the clouds. In this role, Kerpan is responsible for directing product and technology strategy.

Kerpan brings more than 20 years of software development experience to the role of CTO and was one of CohesiveFT's founders in 2006. Previously he was the CTO of Borland Software Corp which he joined in 2000 through the acquisition of Bedouin, Inc., a company that he founded. Kerpan was also the vice president and general manager of the Developer Services Platform group at Borland, where he was instrumental in leading the Borland acquisition of StarBase in 2003.

Before founding Bedouin, Inc., Kerpan was a managing director responsible for derivatives technology at multiple global investment banks.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
In his General Session at 17th Cloud Expo, Bruce Swann, Senior Product Marketing Manager for Adobe Campaign, explored the key ingredients of cross-channel marketing in a digital world. Learn how the Adobe Marketing Cloud can help marketers embrace opportunities for personalized, relevant and real-time customer engagement across offline (direct mail, point of sale, call center) and digital (email, website, SMS, mobile apps, social networks, connected objects).
Things are changing so quickly in IoT that it would take a wizard to predict which ecosystem will gain the most traction. In order for IoT to reach its potential, smart devices must be able to work together. Today, there are a slew of interoperability standards being promoted by big names to make this happen: HomeKit, Brillo and Alljoyn. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Adam Justice, vice president and general manager of Grid Connect, will review what happens when smart devices don’t work togethe...
"There's a growing demand from users for things to be faster. When you think about all the transactions or interactions users will have with your product and everything that is between those transactions and interactions - what drives us at Catchpoint Systems is the idea to measure that and to analyze it," explained Leo Vasiliou, Director of Web Performance Engineering at Catchpoint Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York Ci...
The 20th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Containers, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal ...
"Tintri was started in 2008 with the express purpose of building a storage appliance that is ideal for virtualized environments. We support a lot of different hypervisor platforms from VMware to OpenStack to Hyper-V," explained Dan Florea, Director of Product Management at Tintri, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
20th Cloud Expo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Super Micro Computer, Inc., a global leader in Embedded and IoT solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Supermicro (NASDAQ: SMCI), the leading innovator in high-performance, high-efficiency server technology, is a premier provider of advanced server Building Block Solutions® for Data Center, Cloud Computing, Enterprise IT, Hadoop/Big Data, HPC and E...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Linux Academy, the foremost online Linux and cloud training platform and community, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Linux Academy was founded on the belief that providing high-quality, in-depth training should be available at an affordable price. Industry leaders in quality training, provided services, and student certification passes, its goal is to c...
IoT is at the core or many Digital Transformation initiatives with the goal of re-inventing a company's business model. We all agree that collecting relevant IoT data will result in massive amounts of data needing to be stored. However, with the rapid development of IoT devices and ongoing business model transformation, we are not able to predict the volume and growth of IoT data. And with the lack of IoT history, traditional methods of IT and infrastructure planning based on the past do not app...
Fact is, enterprises have significant legacy voice infrastructure that’s costly to replace with pure IP solutions. How can we bring this analog infrastructure into our shiny new cloud applications? There are proven methods to bind both legacy voice applications and traditional PSTN audio into cloud-based applications and services at a carrier scale. Some of the most successful implementations leverage WebRTC, WebSockets, SIP and other open source technologies. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Da...
In the next five to ten years, millions, if not billions of things will become smarter. This smartness goes beyond connected things in our homes like the fridge, thermostat and fancy lighting, and into heavily regulated industries including aerospace, pharmaceutical/medical devices and energy. “Smartness” will embed itself within individual products that are part of our daily lives. We will engage with smart products - learning from them, informing them, and communicating with them. Smart produc...
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, discussed the best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
WebRTC sits at the intersection between VoIP and the Web. As such, it poses some interesting challenges for those developing services on top of it, but also for those who need to test and monitor these services. In his session at WebRTC Summit, Tsahi Levent-Levi, co-founder of testRTC, reviewed the various challenges posed by WebRTC when it comes to testing and monitoring and on ways to overcome them.
For basic one-to-one voice or video calling solutions, WebRTC has proven to be a very powerful technology. Although WebRTC’s core functionality is to provide secure, real-time p2p media streaming, leveraging native platform features and server-side components brings up new communication capabilities for web and native mobile applications, allowing for advanced multi-user use cases such as video broadcasting, conferencing, and media recording.
The best-practices for building IoT applications with Go Code that attendees can use to build their own IoT applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Indraneel Mitra, Senior Solutions Architect & Technology Evangelist at Cognizant, provided valuable information and resources for both novice and experienced developers on how to get started with IoT and Golang in a day. He also provided information on how to use Intel Arduino Kit, Go Robotics API and AWS IoT stack to build an application tha...
Every successful software product evolves from an idea to an enterprise system. Notably, the same way is passed by the product owner's company. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Oleg Lola, CEO of MobiDev, will provide a generalized overview of the evolution of a software product, the product owner, the needs that arise at various stages of this process, and the value brought by a software development partner to the product owner as a response to these needs.
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a client-oriented software development company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software company that develops and delivers turn-key mobile apps, websites, web services, and complex softw...
DevOps is being widely accepted (if not fully adopted) as essential in enterprise IT. But as Enterprise DevOps gains maturity, expands scope, and increases velocity, the need for data-driven decisions across teams becomes more acute. DevOps teams in any modern business must wrangle the ‘digital exhaust’ from the delivery toolchain, "pervasive" and "cognitive" computing, APIs and services, mobile devices and applications, the Internet of Things, and now even blockchain. In this power panel at @...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.